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Nasal and sinus cancer affects the nasal cavity (the space behind your nose) and the sinuses (small, air-filled cavities inside your nose, cheekbones and forehead).
It's a rare type of cancer that most often affects men aged 50-60.
Nasal and sinus cancer is different to cancer in the area where the nose and throat connect. This is called nasopharyngeal cancer.
This page covers:
The most common symptoms of nasal and sinus cancer are:
At a later stage, symptoms can include:
See your GP if you notice any unusual or persistent symptoms. They're very unlikely to be caused by nasal or sinus cancer, but are worth getting checked out.
If your GP thinks you might need some tests to determine what's causing your symptoms, you'll usually be referred to an ear, nose and throat (ENT) consultant in hospital.
Tests you may have include:
Several factors are known to increase the risk of developing nasal and sinus cancer, including:
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has produced a report on the risk of occupational nasal and sinus cancer in Great Britain (PDF, 2Mb).
The best treatment depends on several factors, including how far the cancer has spread and your general health.
Treatment may include:
Your treatment will be organised by a head and neck cancer multidisciplinary team (MDT), who will discuss the treatment options with you. A combination of treatments will often be recommended.
There are many different types of cancer that can affect the nasal cavity and sinuses. The outlook varies, depending on the specific type you have.
Overall, around one in every two or three people with nasal and sinus cancer will live for at least five years after diagnosis.
However, this can vary, depending on things such as exactly where the cancer is located and how far it has spread before it's diagnosed and treated.
Nearly everyone diagnosed at an early stage will live for at least five years. However, if it's not diagnosed until an advanced stage, only around one in every three to five people will live at least five years.
Cancer of the nasal cavity generally has a better outlook than cancer of the sinuses.
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